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Medical directors

Robert Nussbaum
M.D., CMO
Dr. Nussbaum has served as Invitae’s Chief Medical Officer since August 2015. Prior to joining Invitae, he was chief of the Division of Genomic Medicine at UCSF Health where he also held leadership roles in the Cancer Genetics and Prevention Program beginning in January 2009 and the Program in Cardiovascular Genetics beginning in July 2007. From April 2006 to August 2015, he served as a member of the UCSF Institute for Human Genetics. Prior to joining UCSF Health, Dr. Nussbaum was chief of the Genetic Disease Research Branch of the National Human Genome Research Institute, one of the National Institutes of Health, from 1994 to 2006. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine and a fellow at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Nussbaum is a board-certified internist and medical geneticist who holds a B.S. in Applied Mathematics from Harvard College and an M.D. from Harvard Medical School in the Harvard-MIT joint program in Health Sciences and Technology. He completed his residency in internal medicine at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and a fellowship in medical genetics at the Baylor College of Medicine.
Daniel Pineda-Alvarez M.D. Dr. Pineda is a board-certified clinical molecular geneticist and clinical cytogeneticist. Prior to joining Invitae, Dr. Pineda was the Senior Laboratory Director at Courtagen Life Sciences and Associate Clinical Director of Cytogenomics at GeneDx. There, he led the implementation of numerous clinical laboratory test, genomic variant interpretation, and reporting processes. He was instrumental in the development and launch of several genetic diagnostic tests in cytogenetics, oncology, cardiology, mitochondrial, metabolic, endocrine, neurologic, and pediatric disorders. Dr. Pineda obtained his M.D. from Universidad CES in Medellin, Colombia, and later pursued post-doctoral training at the Medical Genetics Branch of the National Human Genome Institute (NHGRI), NIH. Subsequently, he completed his American Board of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ABMGG)-accredited fellowship in clinical molecular genetics and clinical cytogenetics at the NIH Medical Genetics and Genomic Medicine Fellowship Training Program. Daniel participates in several workgroups in the Clinical Genome Resource (ClinGen), seeking improved access, quality, and consistency of genetic diagnostic tests.
Swaroop Aradhya
Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. Aradhya is a board-certified molecular geneticist and cytogeneticist who has helped shape professional practices and technology applications in clinical genetic testing over the past 15 years. He joined Invitae to help bring genetics into mainstream medicine by innovating laboratory technologies, fostering advances in evidence-based clinical standards, and building mechanisms to empower individuals globally to access their genetic information. Before Invitae, Swaroop was VP and senior laboratory director for Neurogenetics and Clinical Microarrays at GeneDx. He completed medical genetics training in 2007 at Stanford University and received his Ph.D. in molecular and human genetics in 2001 at Baylor College of Medicine. Over the course of his career, he has participated in the international Human Genome Project to sequence the X chromosome and helped characterize several genetic disorders. He is currently a ClinGen investigator, serves on the Board of Directors of the American Board of Medical Genetics and Genomics, and is an adjunct clinical associate professor at Stanford University School of Medicine.
Beth Buckley
Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. Buckley is board-certified in clinical molecular genetics by the American Board of Medical Genetics and Genomics. Prior to joining Invitae, Dr. Buckley was an assistant laboratory director at Counsyl specializing in carrier screening; before that, she was a molecular geneticist at PreventionGenetics with a focus on epilepsy. Dr. Buckley received her doctorate in genetics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and completed her clinical molecular genetics training at Johns Hopkins.
Ed Esplin
M.D., Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. Esplin is board-certified in clinical genetics and internal medicine. Prior to joining Invitae, he practiced clinical genetics at Kaiser Permanente's San Francisco Medical Center. Dr. Esplin completed the medical scientist training program at the University of Texas Southwestern and obtained a doctorate in genetics, with an emphasis in cancer genetics, along with his medical degree. After his internal medicine residency at UT Southwestern, he was appointed assistant professor of the University of Texas Southwestern Department of Internal Medicine. He also practiced as a hospitalist at the Dallas VA Medical Center. Dr. Esplin completed his clinical fellowship training in medical genetics at Stanford University. He pursued his postdoctoral fellowship in genetics and genomics under Mike Snyder in Stanford's department of genetics, during which time he was supported by an award from the Tashia and John Morgridge Endowed Postdoctoral Fellowship program and by the National Institutes of Health-funded Stanford Clinical and Translational Science Award.
Tina Hambuch
Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. Hambuch joined Invitae in 2016 to focus on clinical genetic testing applications in pediatrics. She is a diplomate of the American Board of Medical Genetics, a fellow of the American College of Medical Genetics, and a member of the American Society of Human Genetics, Association for Molecular Pathologists, and American Society of Human Genetics. Prior to joining Invitae, Dr. Hambuch was instrumental in launching the first CLIA-certified, and CAP-accredited laboratory offering genome sequencing at Illumina where, over eight years, she built and oversaw a team that implemented and improved the analytical and clinical components of clinical testing and reporting for genome scale testing. She also launched a certified training program for laboratory technicians. Dr. Hambuch earned her Ph.D. at UC Berkeley, was a post-doctoral fellow at the CDC, an assistant professor at University of Munich, and was a scientist at Ambry Genetics. Her medical molecular genetics training was performed at UCLA. She serves on multiple working groups and has authored multiple publications on the standards, guidelines, and applications of clinical next-generation sequencing.
Eden Haverfield
Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. Haverfield is board-certified in clinical molecular genetics and has more than 12 years of experience in the medical genetics field. Prior to joining Invitae, Dr. Haverfield was the director of the whole exome sequencing program at GeneDx; before that, she was the assistant director of the genetic services laboratory at the University of Chicago. Dr. Haverfield earned her Master of Science in human biology and her doctorate in biological anthropology from the University of Oxford in Oxford, England. While she was earning her doctorate and through her post-doctoral fellowship at Oxford, Dr. Haverfield worked with professors Ryk Ward and Sir David Weatherall on genetic modifiers of sickle-cell disease. She then spent two years as a post-doctoral fellow in clinical pharmacology and pharmacogenomics, studying genetic variation in drug-metabolizing enzyme genes, before completing her board-accredited clinical molecular genetics training at the University of Chicago.
Karine Hovanes
Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. Hovanes received her B.S. degree in genetics from the University of California, Davis, and her Ph.D. in molecular biology from the University of California, Irvine. She completed her clinical cytogenetics and clinical molecular genetics trainings at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and University of California Los Angeles Intercampus Medical Genetics Training Program. She is a diplomat of the American Board of Medical Genetics as a Clinical Cytogeneticist and Clinical Molecular Geneticist. Her research projects in molecular biology have focused on characterization of structure and function of a number of genes implicated in human diseases. Prior to joining Invitae and CombiMatrix, Dr. Hovanes held positions as Assistant Director at the Molecular Laboratory at Esoterix and at the Genetics Department at US LABS.
Britt Johnson
Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. Johnson is board-certified in clinical molecular genetics and clinical biochemical genetics by the American Board of Medical Genetics and Genomics. She is also board-certified in Clinical Chemistry by the American Board of Bioanalysis. Prior to joining Invitae, Dr. Johnson was the assistant lab director of the Clinical Biochemical Genetics Diagnostic Laboratory at the University of Miami, where she was instrumental in establishing their high-throughput enzyme testing for lysosomal storage disorders in dried blood spots. She also played an active role in the molecular diagnoses of patients with lysosomal storage disorders in the university's Clinical Molecular Genetics Diagnostic Laboratory. Dr. Johnson received her doctorate in genetics at the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 2008. She completed her clinical molecular genetics fellowship in 2011 at the University of California, San Francisco and her clinical biochemical genetics fellowship in 2012 at the University of Miami. Dr. Johnson has a special interest in lysosomal storage disorders, newborn screening, the molecular diagnosis of inborn errors of metabolism, and inborn errors of immunity.
Kristin McDonald Gibson, Ph.D. Dr. McDonald Gibson, FACMG, is board-certified in clinical molecular genetics by the American Board of Medical Genetics and Genomics. Prior to joining Invitae, Dr. McDonald Gibson completed her clinical molecular genetics fellowship at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia where she was part of the team that developed and launched the clinical exome sequencing test for the hospital. Dr. McDonald Gibson received her doctorate in genetics and genomics from Duke University in 2013. While at Duke, she established an analysis pipeline that used exome sequencing to identify mutations that cause limb-girdle muscular dystrophy, and she was a member of a neonatal genomics exome sequencing group that investigates the causes of unexplained medical conditions in children.
Dianalee McKnight,
Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. McKnight is board-certified in clinical molecular genetics by the American Board of Medical Genetics and Genomics. She has more than 10 years of experience in the genetic diagnostics field. Prior to joining Invitae, Dr. McKnight was the director of the neurogenetics testing program at GeneDx, where she specialized in genetic testing for pediatric patients with epilepsy and intellectual disability. Dr. McKnight earned her doctorate degree at Penn State University and completed post-doctoral training at the NIH. While at the NIH, she was a research fellow at the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research for 5 years, during which she also completed her board-accredited clinical molecular genetics training fellowship at the National Human Genome Research Institute.
Heather McLaughlin
Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. McLaughlin is a board-certified Clinical Molecular Geneticist by the American Board of Medical Genetics and Genomics and a fellow of the American College of Medical Genetics. Prior to joining Invitae, Dr. McLaughlin was an Associate Director of Clinical Genomics and Cardiogenetics at GeneDx, where she was instrumental in developing their clinical exome sequencing program. She also previously served as an Assistant Laboratory Director at Partners HealthCare Personalized Medicine Laboratory for Molecular Medicine. Dr. McLaughlin obtained a B.S. in Diagnostic Molecular Science from Michigan State University and a Ph.D. in Human Genetics from the University of Michigan. She completed her Clinical Molecular Genetics fellowship at Harvard Medical School. She has clinical expertise in cardiogenetics, connective tissue disorders, neurogenetics, and pediatrics.
Matt Meredith
Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. Meredith joined Invitae in 2019. He earned his Ph.D. in molecular immunology from The Rockefeller University and completed his clinical training in cytogenetics and molecular genetics at the University of Minnesota-Twin Cities. Prior to joining Invitae, Dr. Meredith was an associate laboratory director at Counsyl specializing in reproductive genetics, particularly carrier screening and non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS).
Nhu Ngo
M.D.
Dr. Ngo is board certified in Anatomic and Clinical Pathology as well as Molecular Pathology. She earned a Bachelor of Arts with Honors and Distinction in the Major from Yale University in 1990, where she pursued Pre-Medical studies and a major in Religious Studies. For the next two years, she served as the lead research assistant for the Director of the Yale-Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine, where she performed research on cell mitosis. Dr. Ngo went on to obtain an M.D. from the University of Connecticut School of Medicine in 1996. She completed residency training in Pathology at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas in 2001, followed by an Oncologic Pathology Fellowship at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center in 2002. For the next 15 years, Dr. Ngo practiced as a Pathologist in busy urban hospitals in CT and NY. Her primary role entailed making diagnoses on all types of patient tissues, with special expertise in complex cancer cases. In 2017, Dr. Ngo left practice to pursue subspecialty fellowship training in Molecular Genetic Pathology at Emory University in Atlanta, GA. She joined Foundation Medicine in July 2018 as a Senior Pathologist and Associate Medical Director, tasked with reviewing and signing off on genomic profiling results on thousands of cancer cases. Dr. Ngo joined Invitae in 2019 to serve as Medical Director in the development and implementation a tissue-based comprehensive tumor genomic profiling assay.
Kristina Robinson
Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. Robinson is board certified in clinical molecular genetics by the American Board of Medical Genetics and Genomics. She received her doctorate in genetics from Harvard University and completed her clinical molecular genetics training at the University of Utah and ARUP Laboratories. Prior to joining Invitae, Dr. Robinson was a laboratory director at Good Start Genetics, where she worked closely with the laboratory and clinical teams to ensure the quality of their carrier screening and preimplantation genetic testing results.
Trilochan Sahoo
M.D., FACMG
Dr. Trilochan Sahoo is board certified in clinical cytogenetics and genomics and has been a laboratory director at Invitae since November 2017. He was serving as the VP of Medical Affairs and laboratory director at CombiMatrix until the company’s acquisition by Invitae in late 2017. Dr. Sahoo completed his medical training in India before moving to the US for postdoctoral training at Duke University, following which he moved to Baylor College of Medicine for doing his ABMG fellowship. He stayed on as a faculty and clinical laboratory director in the Human and Molecular Genetics department at Baylor until July 2008. He subsequently served in senior positions at Signature Genomics (Spokane, WA) and Quest Diagnostics Nichols Institute (San Juan Capistrano), CA) before joining CombiMatrix in April 2014. His work included the early design, validation, and implementation of chromosomal microarrays as a diagnostic tool in clinical genetics, and he has been closely associated with the discovery of a number of recurrent microdeletion-microduplication syndromes.
Matteo Vatta
Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. Vatta is a clinical molecular geneticist with more than 20 years of experience in cardiovascular genetic research and 10 years in cardiovascular genetic diagnostics. Before joining Invitae, Dr. Vatta was the Director of the Cardiovascular Genetics Section at the Indiana University Molecular Genetics Diagnostic Laboratory in the Division of Diagnostic Genomics and Associate Professor of Clinical Medical and Molecular Genetics at Indiana University. There, he led the development and launch of next-generation sequencing analysis for clinical testing. Dr. Vatta received his Ph.D. in molecular genetics from the Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati/International School of Advanced Studies (SISSA/ISAS) in Trieste, Italy, with a thesis on the “Molecular Genetic Approach to the Study of Dilated Cardiomyopathy." Subsequently, Dr. Vatta did his post-doctoral fellowship at the Department of Pediatrics (Cardiology) at Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX with particular focus on cardiomyopathies and channelopathies. Later, Dr. Vatta completed the Clinical Molecular Genetics fellowship at the Department of Huma and Molecular Genetics at Baylor College of Medicine, accredited for the American Board of Medical Genetics and Genomics certification.
Lauren Walters-Sen
Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. Walters-Sen is board certified in clinical cytogenetics and clinical molecular genetics by the American Board of Medical Genetics and Genomics. Prior to joining Invitae, Dr. Walters-Sen was an assistant lab director of the Laboratory for Genetics and Genomics at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital and Medical Center, where she was instrumental in implementing an algorithmic testing process for children with neurodevelopmental disorders. She also spent time at Good Start Genetics, where she was a key member of the team that brought EmbryVu, now Invitae’s PGT, to market. Dr. Walters-Sen completed her clinical cytogenetics and clinical molecular genetics fellowships at Nationwide Children’s Hospital in 2013. She received her doctorate in human genetics from Vanderbilt University in 2011. Dr. Walters-Sen has a special interest in prenatal and early postnatal genetic diagnostics.
Ian Wilson
Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. Wilson is a board-certified molecular geneticist in both Canada and the United States. He received his undergraduate degree in medical laboratory science and his Ph.D. in the field of cancer genetics from the University of British Columbia, which he followed with a molecular genetics fellowship at the Children's and Women's Hospital of British Columbia and the British Columbia Cancer Agency. Prior to joining Invitae, Dr. Wilson was the Associate Laboratory Director at Fulgent Diagnostics, where he was involved in many aspects of establishing the molecular diagnostic laboratory. In addition, he was a scientific editor at N-of-One, Inc., a precision-medicine company in the oncology market.
Tom Winder
Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. Winder has been involved with genetic diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders for 15 years. Prior to joining Invitae, he was co-director at PreventionGenetics, where he oversaw neuromuscular testing. His efforts there led to the availability of affordable tests for inherited muscle and nerve disorders, many of which had previously been unavailable in North America. Dr. Winder completed his medical genetics training in 2002 at the University of Iowa and is certified by the American Board of Medical Genetics and Genomics in clinical molecular genetics. He was an assistant professor in the department of pathology at the University of Iowa; he was also co-director of the university's molecular pathology laboratory until 2007.
Mei Zhu
Ph.D., FACMG
Dr. Zhu is board certified in clinical molecular genetics and has more than 18 years of experience in molecular genetics and over six years of experience in clinical molecular genetics. Prior to joining Invitae, Dr. Zhu was laboratory director at Good Start Genetics, where she performed clinical duties on next-generation sequencing-based preimplantation and carrier screening for inherited disorders. Dr. Zhu received her medical training from Tianjin Medical University in China and practiced as an ENT physician there prior to coming to the US. She then earned a Master of Science in human pathology and a doctorate in cell and molecular biology from Michigan State University, where she studied the molecular mechanisms of hearing loss and lysosomal storage diseases. She then spent two years doing her postdoctoral fellowship in the department of genetics at Harvard Medical School with a focus on the identification of genes causing congenital heart disorders using next-generation sequencing. There, she gained extensive experience in designing and developing next-generation sequencing-based disease panels. Afterward, Dr. Zhu completed her clinical molecular genetics training at Boston University.

Genetic counselors

Sienna Aguilar
M.S., CGC
Sienna is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor, specializing in Proactive genetic testing. Prior to joining Invitae in 2015, she was a laboratory genetic counselor at GeneDx, where she worked with the cardiovascular genetic team. Sienna is an active member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) and NSGC’s Precision Medicine special interest group. She holds a Master of Science in genetic counseling from Wayne State University.
Sherry Boyar
M.S., CGC
Sherry R. Boyar is a board-certified genetic counselor who joined Invitae as a Clinical Science Liaison in 2017. Prior to joining Invitae, she was a senior genetic counselor in the Division of Medical Genetics at the Icahn School of Medicine’s Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, where she specialized in hereditary predisposition to cancer. Before this, she was a senior genetic counselor at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center for approximately 9 years. During her career, Sherry has counseled thousands of patients who sought information about their hereditary cancer risk and the available options to both clarify and reduce this risk. She has also provided clinical supervision and didactic training to genetic counseling graduate students and other medical professionals seeking clinical experience and guidance in cancer genetic counseling and testing. Sherry received her undergraduate degree from Brandeis University and an M.S. in genetic counseling in 2005 from the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City.
Samantha Culver
M.S., CGC
Samantha is a board-certified genetic counselor. Prior to joining Invitae she worked at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, where she saw adult patients with personal and family histories of cancer. She worked to expand the Dana-Farber program to several satellite locations and established an affiliate telemedicine program with Concord Hospital in New Hampshire. She also participated in several clinical research projects, including one that provided genetic counseling and multi-gene panel testing to men with prostate cancer. Samantha has a special interest in Li-Fraumeni syndrome and is part of the Li-Fraumeni Syndrome Association’s (LFSA) Genetic Counseling Advisory Board. She is a member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) as well as the Cancer and Cardiovascular Special Interest Groups. Samantha received her Masters of Science in Genetic Counseling from Boston University and holds a Bachelor of Science in Biology from Gettysburg College.
Amy Daly
M.S., CGC
Amy is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor. Prior to joining Invitae, she was a pediatric genetic counselor at Children’s Hospitals of Minnesota. Amy previously worked at GeneDx and Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine specializing in inherited heart disease. Amy is a member of both the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) and the society’s cardiovascular genetics special interest group. She holds a Master of Science in genetic counseling from Northwestern University and a Bachelor of Arts, majoring in biological and chemical sciences, from Wells College.
Tali Ekstein
M.S., CGC
Tali is a licensed and board-certified genetic counselor with more than thirteen years of combined clinical counseling and laboratory experience and expertise in adult and cancer genetics. Tali has worked at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, the Roy and Patricia Disney Family Cancer Center and the USC Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center. She has also worked in cancer genetics research on testicular cancer and carcinoma in situ of the breast. Through the organization GeneTestNow, she has been involved in promoting genetic carrier screening. Tali joined Invitae after having been an Invitae customer; she currently leads our Clinical Consultation Services. She is an active member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC), Southern California Genetic Counselors (SCGC) and the American Society of Human Genetics. Tali holds a Bachelor of Science from Pennsylvania State University, where she majored in genetics and developmental biology, a Master of Science in genetic counseling from California State University, Northridge and a Master of Business Administration from American Jewish University.
Leslie Evans
M.S., CGC
Leslie is a board-certified genetic counselor with nearly 20 years of experience in various specialties in clinical genetics. She has provided clinical care and healthcare education in both academic and industry-based settings, including Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Mission Hospital, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Genome Medical, and Thermo Fisher Scientific. Leslie is an active member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) serving as chair of the Jane Engelberg Memorial Fellowship and co-chair for the Audrey Heimler Special Projects Award. She obtained her undergraduate degree from DePauw University and went on to pursue a Master of Science from The University of Texas Genetic Counseling Program. She also obtained a certificate from the City of Hope’s Intensive Course in Genomic Cancer Risk Assessment in 2007.
Mary E. Freivogel
M.S., GGC
Mary is a Past President of the National Society of Genetic Counselors. As a cancer genetic counselor, her recent career path has been focused primarily on breast cancer risk assessment and cancer genetic counseling within the setting of a high-volume breast imaging center. Starting in February 2019, she began a role with Invitae, where she leads marketing efforts directed towards clinicians in the United States. Mary is actively involved with breast cancer risk assessment efforts in conjunction with various organizations, including the National Accreditation Program for Breast Centers and the National Consortium of Breast Centers, as well as the American Cancer Society and HCA/Sarah Cannon. She has presented information at various professional meetings, as well as published on this topic in national, peer-reviewed journals. Mary is passionate about the genetic counseling profession and takes a special interest in the areas of efficiency and alternative models of service delivery. She believes wholeheartedly that genetic counselors have an infinite number of talents and unique contributions to provide to clinical care, research, teaching, industry, and countless other areas. Mary is a Colorado native and lives in a suburb of Denver with her husband, Mike, and sons J.D. and Nolan. She is passionate about watching her kids play sports and when she has time for herself, she loves to run. You can often find her at a local park asking strangers if she can pet their dogs. If she could have any superpower, it would be to be able to survive without sleep, as there are usually not enough hours in the day for her to accomplish everything she wants to do.
Amy Fuller
M.S., CGC
Amy is board-certified by the American Board of Genetic Counseling. Before joining Invitae, Amy was a laboratory genetic counselor at GeneDx and a pediatric genetic counselor at Children’s National Medical Center in Washington, D.C. At GeneDx, Amy specialized in molecular cytogenetic testing and diagnostic exome sequencing. She is an active member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC). Amy holds a Bachelor of Science in biology from James Madison University and a Master of Science in genetic counseling from University of South Carolina.
Jenna Guiltinan
M.S., CGC
Jenna is a board-certified and licensed genetic counselor with experience in genetic variant classification and microarray interpretation and reporting. She began her career in 2013 as a clinical laboratory-based cancer reporting genetic counselor at Ambry genetics and has since gained experience in exome and microarray interpretation and reporting. Jenna is passionate about teaching and has led workshops on variant classification to the genetic counseling community. Jenna graduated from Penn State University in 2008 with a Bachelor of Science in biological anthropology and she obtained her Master of Science in genetic counseling from California State University, Stanislaus in 2013.
Jennifer Hair
M.S., CGC
Jennifer is a board-certified licensed genetic counselor with over nine years combined experience in clinical and industry roles. She has specialization in cardiovascular, cancer, and prenatal genetics, and a particular interest in utilizing telemedicine as a means to increase patient access to genetic counseling. In addition, Jennifer has developed a passion for genetics education and seeks out opportunities to teach, supervise, and train students and colleagues. Jennifer previously worked as a prenatal genetic counselor at Maryland Perinatal Associates, providing preconception and prenatal counseling services to an ethnically and socioeconomically diverse patient population. She then served as a general genetic counselor at Kaiser Permanente (Mid-Atlantic States region), where she helped to establish a formal Genetics department, including the development of telegenetic counseling services and web-based genetics education classes. Just prior to joining Invitae, Jennifer worked as a cardiovascular genetic counselor at GeneDx, where she developed an expertise in cardiovascular genetic testing for inherited arrhythmias, cardiomyopathies, and connective tissue disorders. There she participated in variant interpretation and report-writing, provided customer service to ordering clients, and was involved in the training of rotating genetic counseling graduate students and genetics fellows. She received her Bachelor of Science in Biology from Drexel University and her Master of Science in Genetic Counseling from Boston University. Jennifer is a member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC), including the cardiovascular and industry special interest groups. In addition, she serves on the State Meeting and Education Committee for the Maryland and DC Society of Genetic Counselors (MDCGC).
Sara Hay
M.S., CGC
Sara is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor with 8 years of experience as a laboratory genetic counselor working in labs that specialize in cytogenetic testing. Prior to joining Invitae, Sara worked as a laboratory genetic counselor at CombiMatrix, Signature Genomics and PerkinElmer Genetics. She earned her Bachelors of Arts in Cell/Molecular Biology from Washington and Jefferson College and her Masters of Science in Genetic Counseling from the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health. Sara is a member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC), including the Prenatal, Industry and ART special interest groups.
Michelle Hogue
M.S., CGC
Michelle is board certified by the American Board of Genetic Counseling and is licensed in the state of California. She has more than 13 years combined experience in clinical and laboratory genetic counseling. Michelle’s past clinical experience includes prenatal, pediatric, adult, and cancer genetic counseling with both the Central Washington Genetics Program and the Naval Medical Center San Diego (NMCSD). While at NMCSD, she expanded the institution’s existing prenatal genetics services by developing a comprehensive genetics program to provide local access to adult and cancer genetic counseling for military families. Prior to joining Invitae, Michelle served as senior genetic counselor at the Illumina Clinical Services Laboratory where she specialized in clinical whole-genome sequencing for undiagnosed disease cases. Michelle holds a Bachelor of Arts in psychology from Central Washington University, and a Master of Science in genetic counseling from California State University, Northridge.
Daniela Iacoboni
M.S., CGC
Daniela Iacoboni is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor with over 19 years of clinical and diagnostic laboratory experience. She provided prenatal/preconception genetic counseling in New York City before taking a pediatric/laboratory position at Michigan State University. At MSU, Daniela was clinical supervisor and performed SNP whole genome microarray interpretation. She also held an adjunct faculty position in the College of Osteopathic Medicine. She joined Invitae in 2015 as a member of the clinical genomics cancer team, providing variant interpretation and clinical support. Daniela is a member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC). She obtained her Bachelor of Science degree from Central Michigan University and holds a Master of Science in Human Genetics from Sarah Lawrence College.
Emily James
M.S., CGC
Emily is an ABGC board-certified genetic counselor. She joined Invitae’s Clinical Consult team in 2016, bringing nine years of clinical genetic counseling experience. Immediately before joining Invitae, she worked for the Allegheny Health Network in Pittsburgh in the Cancer and Cardiovascular Genetics Programs. She provided counseling in Pittsburgh as well as multiple outreach clinics across Western Pennsylvania. Prior to that, she worked as a research coordinator and genetic counselor in the Cancer Genetics Program at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center and as a pediatric genetic counselor at Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh. She is an adjunct faculty member at the University of Pittsburgh and a part-time faculty member at Robert Morris University. She holds a Master of Science in genetic counseling from the University of Pittsburgh and a Bachelor of Science in biology from Penn State Behrend.
Adity Khanna
M.S., CGC
Adity is a licensed and board-certified genetic counselor with over fifteen years of experience, both in clinical counseling and as a clinical science liaison (CSL). The bulk of her experience is in prenatal and sporadic experience in both oncology as well as infertility. Adity has worked with various prominent MFM’s in the Southern California area during her time at Genzyme Genetics (now Integrated Genetics). She transitioned into industry over 5 years ago, first working as a CSL with Sequenom, with a primary focus of discussing non-invasive prenatal screening with various clinicians. Adity also has experience with tele-genetic counseling at both Genzyme and Sequenom. She is an active member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors and the Southern California Genetic Counselors association. She obtained a Bachelor of Science degree in Biology with a minor in Psychology, from the University of Southern California. She went on to pursue a Master of Science degree in Genetic Counseling from the California State University, Northridge.
Shonee Lesh
M.S., CGC
Shonee Lesh is a board certified genetic counselor having received her undergraduate degree in Molecular, Cellular, Developmental Biology from the University of Colorado, Boulder and her masters in Genetic Counseling from the University of California, Berkeley. She has taken care of patients in all types of disciplines from prenatal and pediatrics to inborn errors of metabolism however she focused the last 15 years of her clinical work in oncology. She switched out of the clinic and into industry with the purpose of improving and enhancing the family history tools that Genetic Counselors use daily to take better care of their patients. She believes that family history matters. She joined Invitae as a project manager to continue her passion to combine genetic testing and family history into the powerful healthcare tool for patients and their families.
Kate Lynch
M.S., CGC
Kate is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor with more than 20 years of experience. Specializing in cancer and cardiology genetics, she has provided clinical care in both academic and industry-based settings, including University Hospitals of Cleveland, Myriad, the Cleveland Clinic and GeneDx. With a passion for alternative delivery models for genetic counseling, Kate has developed telephone-based programs as a means to provide care to patients without local genetic counseling resources. Kate is a member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC), including the cancer and cardiovascular special interest groups. She also serves as an advisory board member for the Case Western Reserve University Genetic Counseling Program. She obtained her undergraduate degree with a dual major in Biology and Psychology from Baldwin Wallace University, and went on to pursue a Master of Science in Medical Genetics from the University of Cincinnati.
Ariadna Martinez
M.S., CGC
Ariadna is a board-certified genetic counselor with more than 15 years of experience providing services to diverse patient populations. She has a particular interest in making genetic information, testing and counseling accessible to all those who need them. Prior to joining Invitae, Ariadna worked as a prenatal genetic counselor at UCLA-Olive View Medical Center, providing counseling services to English- and Spanish-speaking patients. She later served as a genetic counselor and research coordinator at UCLA Neuropsychiatric Institute working with parents of deaf/hard of hearing children as well as deaf/hard of hearing adults. Ariadna spent several years as a clinical genetic counselor at UCLA Jules Stein Eye Institute at the Retinal Disorders and Ophthalmic Genetics division. Ariadna subsequently joined the cardiogenetics program at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center working with individuals and families with aortopathies, cardiomyopathies, familial hypercholesterolemia, and inherited arrhythmias. At Invitae, Ariadna provides genetic counseling to individuals who undergo genetic testing for cardiovascular and cancer related genes; she is also part of the clinical consult services team. Ariadna is a member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors and has a Masters in Human Genetics from the University of California in Los Angeles and a Masters in Genetic Counseling from California State University, Northridge.
Sara Mokhtary
M.S., CGC
Sara is board certified by the American Board of Genetic Counseling and licensed in the state of California. Prior to joining Invitae, she was a clinical genetic counselor at Sutter Health. In this position, Sara primarily helped build the Oncology Genetics Clinic. She also provided preconception and prenatal counseling, in addition to, establishing a pilot program for the General and Pediatric Genetics Clinic. She has volunteered for Bright Pink since 2015 and is very supportive of their initiative to educate young women about breast and ovarian cancer risk. She holds a Bachelor of Science in Molecular Biology from University of California, San Diego, and a Master of Science in Genetic Counseling from California State University, Stanislaus. Sara is a member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors.
Sharon Namaroff
M.S., CGC
Sharon is a board-certified genetic counselor, licensed in the state of Massachusetts, with over 18 years combined experience in both clinical and industry roles. She joined Invitae in May of 2019 as a Clinical Science Liaison in Women’s Health. Her clinical specialty is in prenatal genetics where she provided extensive genetic counseling to diverse patient populations throughout the greater New York and Boston areas. These include the Regional Medical Genetics Center at Westchester Medical Center, Lenox Hill Hospital and, the Maternal Fetal Medicine Unit at Newton Wellesley Hospital (affiliate of The Brigham and Women’s Hospital). She has also provided clinical supervision and didactic training to genetic counseling graduate students and other medical professionals seeking clinical experience and guidance in reproductive genetic counseling and testing. Prior to joining Invitae, Sharon was Director of Clinical Services at Veritas Genetics where she established and led their genetic counseling service, developed their telecounseling model for delivery of service for elective genomes, and utilized her clinical expertise for test and business development. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology from Brandeis University, and a Master of Science in Human Genetics from Sarah Lawrence College. Sharon is a member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors.
Sarah Jane Noblin
M.S., CGC
Sarah Jane Noblin is a board-certified genetic counselor with 20 years of clinical experience in prenatal genetics. Prior to joining Invitae in 2019, Sarah was an Associate Professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology & Reproductive Sciences at The University of Texas McGovern Medical School at Houston. While at UT, she provided prenatal genetic counseling services to patients at LBJ Hospital, one of the Harris Health county hospitals in Houston, TX. Sarah also participated in teaching & co-coordinating didactic courses, supervising genetic counseling students in clinic, chairing research projects and was a member of the Advisory Board of the UT Genetic Counseling Program (GCP). After transitioning from her role as Associate Program Director of the UT GCP in 2015, Sarah took on the new roles of Coordinator of Recruitment & Outreach for the UT GCP and Coordinator of Genetics Education for the UT OB/GYN Residency and MFM Fellowship Programs. Sarah remains active in the UT GCP by serving on its Research and Education Fund Committee. Sarah is also active in the National Society of Genetic Counselors, currently serving on the Abstract Workgroup for the annual AEC, in addition to co-chairing the NSGCares Taskforce and served on the Board of Directors in 2017-2019. She is also a past-President of the Accreditation Council for Genetic Counseling (ACGC). Sarah earned a BS in Psychology from Texas A&M University and an MS in Genetic Counseling from The University of Texas Genetic Counseling Program. Sarah believes that everyone can benefit from genetic counseling and is interested in exploring alternative service delivery models to bring genetic counselors closer to those that will benefit from their services.
Erin O’Toole
M.S., CGC
Erin is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor who specializes in reproductive genetics. Prior to joining Invitae, Erin was a counselor with the OhioHealth Maternal Fetal Medicine in Columbus, Ohio. In this role, Erin provided clinical counseling to couples experiencing high-risk pregnancies. In addition, Erin has worked as a private practice genetic counselor, counseling individuals with reproductive health concerns and direct-to-consumer genetic test results, and served on the medical advisory board of a genetic testing startup. Erin holds a Master of Science in Medical and Molecular Genetics from the Indiana University School of Medicine Genetic Counseling Training Program and a Bachelor of Science in microbiology from The Ohio State University.
RJ Okamura
M.S., CGC
RJ is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor who specializes in reproductive genetics. Prior to joining Invitae, RJ was a counselor with the University of California San Francisco’s Center for Reproductive Health, providing clinical counseling to patients undergoing fertility treatment and considering genetic testing for themselves and embryos. Prior to that he served as the primary genetic counselor at a perinatal diagnostic center in the Central Valley of California. Apart from clinical reproductive genetics, RJ is interested in the development and implementation of genetics educational tools that aid in medical decision-making. RJ holds a Master of Science degree in human genetics and genetic counseling from Stanford University and a Bachelor of Science degree in microbiology, immunology, and molecular genetics from the University of California, Los Angeles.
Jeannine Oldzej
M.S., CGC
Jeannine is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor specializing in reproductive genetics within the cytogenetics laboratory located in Irvine. Prior to joining Invitae, she worked in a variety of industry-based settings including Ambry Genetics and Fulgent, specializing in test utilization management, variant interpretation, and report writing. She obtained her Bachelor of Science in Biological Sciences from Illinois State University and her Master of Science in Genetic Counseling from the University of California, Irvine.
Jill Polk
M.S., CGC
Jill is a board certified genetic counselor with 14 years of experience. Prior to joining Invitae as a Clinical Science Liaison in 2017, she was a cancer genetic counselor at the Cleveland Clinic for over a dozen years. She has always had a passion for expanding access to genetic counseling services and created access to clinical care at several regional hospitals within the Cleveland Clinic and also was a consultant for PWN Health, providing telegentics and consumer initiated testing oversight. Jill obtained her Bachelor of Arts in psychology from Ohio Wesleyan University, and went on to pursue a Master of Science degree in genetic counseling from the University of North Carolina at Greensboro.
Jennifer Proffitt
M.S., CGC
Jennifer is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor who specializes in reproductive genetics.  Prior to joining Invitae, Jennifer was a perinatal genetic counselor with Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital Stanford, providing clinical counseling for a wide variety of indications including family history of birth defects, intellectual disability, and genetic disorders, positive prenatal screening, ultrasound abnormalities, teratogen exposure, and consanguinity. Apart from clinical reproductive genetics, Jennifer’s interests include ethical considerations in genetics and genetic counseling as well as the education of the next generation of genetic counselors. Jennifer holds a Master of Science degree in genetic counseling from the University of California, Irvine and a Bachelor of Science degree in genetics from the University of California, Davis. Jennifer is a member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) and the society’s prenatal special interest group.
Joanna Reinwald
M.S., CGC
Joanna is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor who has specialized in carrier screening and reproductive genetics for more than five years. Prior to joining Invitae, Joanna was a research genetic counselor specializing in the genetic causes of autism spectrum disorder at Boston Children’s Hospital. She obtained a Bachelor of Science in Biological Sciences from the University at Buffalo and a Master of Science in Genetic Counseling from Arcadia University. Joanna is a member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors and the society’s ART special interest group.
Rachel Riesgraf
M.S., CGC
Rachel is a board-certified genetic counselor. Prior to joining Invitae she worked in clinical care for over 7 years providing genetic counseling directly to patients and families at-risk for hereditary disease. She previously worked for HealthEast Care system in Minnesota specializing in oncology, hematology and cardiology genetics. Before that, she worked as a genetic counselor for the Virginia Piper Cancer Institute of Allina Health in Minnesota. In addition to providing patient care in these roles, she developed many system-wide protocols for genetics services, trained other genetic counselors, and provided education to a wide array of healthcare professionals and patient groups. Rachel is a member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) as well as the Cancer, Cardiovascular, and Precision Medicine Special Interest Groups. Rachel holds a Master of Science in Genetic Counseling from the University of Minnesota and Bachelor of Science in Biomedical Science from St. Cloud State University. Rachel has done research on how the practice of genetic counseling is perceived among underserved populations and has a passion for creating broader access to genetic information and precision medicine in routine care.
Darlene Riethmaier
M.S., CGC
Darlene is a board-certified genetic counselor with nearly 10 years of clinical and laboratory genetic counseling experience. Before joining Invitae, Darlene was the lead genetic counselor of clinical microarray services at GeneDx. While in that role, Darlene specialized in copy number analysis and interpretation. She was also an integral part of the GeneDx prenatal genetics program and supervised the genetic counseling assistants. Darlene is an active member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC). She holds a Master of Science in genetic counseling from the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences and a Bachelor of Science from Baylor University, where she majored in biology.
Stacie Rosenthal
M.S., CGC
Stacie is a board certified genetic counselor with 27 years of experience. She spent 22 years in clinical practice working in prenatal and pediatric genetics, with an emphasis on inborn errors of metabolism and newborn screening. She spent the last 15 years of clinical practice working at Nemours Children’s Clinic, Winnie Palmer Hospital for Women and Children, Florida Hospital for Children and AdventHealth High Risk Pregnancy Consultants all in Orlando, FL. She transitioned into an industry genetic counselor role 4.5 years ago, working as a medical science liaison with Counsyl. Her primary focus was on provider education for expanded carrier screening and non-invasive prenatal screening. At Counsyl, she was the co-creator and facilitator for the industry genetic counselor clinical rotation for genetic counseling students. She is a member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors and the Florida Association of Genetic Counselors. She obtained her undergraduate degree in psychology from The University of Colorado, Boulder, and went on to pursue a Master of Science degree in genetic counseling from Sarah Lawrence College.
Natalie Spivak
M.S., CGC
Natalie is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor with over 5 years of experience providing genetic counseling to patients in a variety of clinical areas. Prior to coming to Invitae, Natalie was a counselor at Kaiser Permanente, San Francisco in reproductive, cancer, and general genetics. Prior to that, Natalie worked at the Center for Reproductive Health at the University of California, San Francisco, providing genetic counseling for couples and individuals hoping to start or continue a family. Natalie is passionate about making complex genetic concepts accessible and understandable to all so that people can have more advocacy in their own medical care. Natalie holds a Master of Science in Genetic Counseling from Brandeis University and a Bachelor of Science in Molecular, Cellular, Developmental Biology from the University of California, Santa Cruz.
Melissa Strassberg
M.S., CGC
Melissa is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor with more than 15 years of experience in reproductive and prenatal genetics. She has provided clinical care in both academic and industry-based settings, including Baylor College of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston and Obstetrix/MEDNAX. Melissa’s passion is ensuring all patients, regardless of background or location, have access to high-quality genetic testing and counseling services. Melissa is an active member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC), including the Prenatal and ART/Infertility special interest groups. She also serves as an advisory board member for the Baylor College of Medicine Genetic Counseling Program. She obtained her undergraduate degree with a major in Behavioral Neuroscience from Lehigh University and went on to pursue a Master of Science in Genetic Counseling from the University of Pittsburgh.
Michelle Strecker
M.S., CGC
Michelle is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor with over 20 years of experience in reproductive health and clinical genetics. Michelle has worked in a variety of settings spanning both academic medicine and commercial genetics laboratories, including the University of Texas-Houston Medical School, the University of California, San Francisco, LabCorp, and CombiMatrix. Michelle is passionate about empowering patients and healthcare providers to better understand complex genetic and medical information as a way of personalizing medical care and bringing genetics into mainstream medicine. Michelle is an active member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors, the American College of Medical Genetics, and the American Society of Reproductive Medicine, and serves on the editorial board of Lab Tests Online. Michelle holds a Master of Science degree in genetic counseling from the University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences and a Bachelor of Science in cellular and molecular biology from the University of Washington.
Vaish Subramaniam
M.S., CGC
Vaish is a board-certified genetic counselor with over 7 years of experience. Prior to joining Invitae, she was a laboratory genetic counselor at Recombine/Cooper Genomics. Before that she worked as a prenatal genetic counselor at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and as a pediatric genetic counselor at the Children’s Hospital of Los Angeles. Vaish is an active member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) and NSGC's Prenatal and ART/Infertility special interest group. She holds a Master’s in Genetic Counseling from the University of Maryland, Baltimore and a Bachelor of science degree in genetics and cellular development from the University of Minnesota.
Jackie Tahiliani
M.S., CGC
Jackie is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor with nearly 10 years of experience as a laboratory genetic counselor. Prior to joining Invitae in 2015, Jackie was a laboratory genetic counselor at GeneDx specializing in cardiovascular genetic testing and diagnostic exome sequencing. Jackie is an active member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC). She holds a Master of Science in Human Genetics with a specialization in genetic counseling from Howard University and a Bachelor of Science in Biology from the University of Virginia.
Chris Tan
M.S., CGC
Chris is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor. He joined Invitae in 2014 and has over ten years of combined clinical counseling and laboratory experience. Chris has worked at the University of Chicago Genetic Services Laboratory and the Centre for Clinical Genomics in Vancouver, British Columbia. Chris has also previously provided genetic counseling in prenatal, general pediatric, newborn screening and specialty (neurogenetics and ophthalmology) clinics. Chris is a Clinical Instructor in the Department of Medical Genetics at the University of British Columbia, and he is an active member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) and the Canadian Association of Genetic Counsellors. He holds a Master of Science in Human Genetics from Sarah Lawrence College and a Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry from the University of Waterloo.
Yi-Lee Ting
M.S., CGC
Yi-Lee is a licensed, board certified genetic counselor. Before joining Invitae, she worked in clinic seeing pediatric and adult patients for cardiovascular indications, and established genetic services in an ophthalmological clinic focusing on retinal diseases at the Medical College of Wisconsin. Yi-Lee’s interests lie in genetics education and she has designed and delivered lectures on inherited cardiovascular disease to medical students, graduate students, and fellows. She began her career providing risk assessment and genetic counseling for prenatal indications at the University of Illinois at Chicago. Yi-Lee holds a Master of Science in Genetic Counseling from Northwestern University and a Bachelor of Science Honours in Biochemistry, Specialization in Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering from McMaster University. At Invitae, she is part of the Clinical Consultation Services team. She is a member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) and the Cardiovascular and Industry Special Interest Groups.
Sheila Upton
M.S., CGC
Sheila Upton is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor with more than 17 years of clinical experience. Prior to joining Invitae, Sheila was the Senior Genetic Counselor in the Medical Genetics Program at Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, providing genetic counseling for a wide range of pediatric and adult genetic disorders. She also specialized in cardiogenetic and neurogenetic disorders and was part of the DHMC Huntington Disease Center for Excellence clinic. She obtained her Bachelor of Arts degree from Cornell University and her Masters in Genetic Counseling from the University of Maryland, Baltimore. Sheila is a member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) and the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG).
Hannah White
M.S., CGC
Hannah is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor with expertise in neurogenetics. She is a member of Invitae’s neuromuscular team, and she has a special interest in hereditary neurodegenerative conditions. Hannah graduated from California State University-Stanislaus with a Master of Science in genetic counseling. She holds a second Master’s Degree in biological psychology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where she studied the genetic underpinnings of neurodevelopmental conditions including schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorders. Hannah is an active member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) neurology and industry special interest groups.
Julia Wilkinson
M.S., CGC
Julia is a licensed, board-certified genetic counselor with more than 12 years of experience. Specializing in reproductive health and women’s genetics, she has provided clinical care in both academic and industry-based settings, including Genzyme Genetics, Emory Genetics, and UMass Medical Center and Medical School. Her primary interests are expanded carrier screening and increasing access to quality genetic care through alternative service delivery models. She obtained her undergraduate degree from McDaniel College and went on to pursue a Master of Science in Genetic Counseling from Brandeis University. Julia is a member of the National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) and the society’s ART special interest group.
Stacey Wong
M.S., CGC
Stacey is a licensed and board-certified genetic counselor with over two decades of experience in clinical, research, and laboratory settings. Prior to joining Invitae, she was a clinical product manager and genetic counselor at Courtagen Life Sciences, a diagnostic laboratory specializing in pediatric neurological conditions and mitochondrial disease. Her other professional experience includes prenatal counseling at Genzyme Genetics, coordinator of the Lysosomal Storage Disease Research Center at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and Senior Genetic Counselor participating in pediatric, metabolic, and specialty clinics at Children’s Hospital Los Angeles. She has particular interest in mitochondrial disease and is involved with the MseqDR Expert Panel group. She holds a Master of Science in Genetic Counseling from California State University Northridge, a Master of Traditional Oriental Medicine from Emperor’s College, and a Bachelor of Science in Cell and Molecular Biology from the University of California Los Angeles.