Lynch syndrome is characterized by familial predisposition to cancers of the colon, endometrium, ovary, stomach, and urinary tract. 4–11% of cases are caused by variants in PMS2. Testing for inherited PMS2 variants is hampered by a pseudogene, PMS2CL, which has nearly identical homology to PMS2 in exons 12–15 of the gene. Therefore, it is difficult to determine if a variant is in PMS2 or PMSCL and different and innovative methods are needed for analysis of this region.
Erin O’Leary, MS, LCGC discusses Invitae’s methods to disambiguate variants detected in PMS2 exons 12–15. Variant interpretation in this region of PMS2 is highly dependent on laboratory methods. Therefore, a laboratory’s technology and methods are crucial in avoiding misdiagnoses of Lynch syndrome and inappropriate management.
Invitae recently announced the launch of hundreds of new genes and expanded panels. What does that mean for hereditary cancer testing? In this short webinar, Invitae genetic counselor Tali Ekstein describes the new and expanded panels, explains the reasoning behind each grouping of genes, walks through how to order the new panels and genes, and shares the resources we have developed for you.
For additional information on limited-evidence genes for hereditary cancer, please see the webinar Hereditary Cancer Limited-Evidence Genes: What are They?