• Turnaround time:
    10–21 calendar days (14 days on average)
  • Preferred specimen:
    3mL whole blood in a purple-top tube
  • Alternate specimens:
    DNA or saliva/assisted saliva
  • Sample requirements
  • Request a sample kit




Associated disorders

The ATP7A gene is associated with X-linked Menkes disease (MedGen UID: 44030), occipital horn syndrome (OHS) (MedGen UID: 82793) and distal hereditary motor neuropathy (HMN) (MedGen UID: 335168).

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Invitae tests that include this gene:

Pathogenic mutations in the ATP7A gene are the only known cause of Menkes disease and occipital horn syndrome and an unknown percentage of distal hereditary motor neuropathy.

The ATP7A gene encodes a transmembrane copper-transporting P-type ATPase that is involved in intracellular copper homeostasis. Copper plays an important role in normal biological function, mainly through the activities of enzymes that require copper as a cofactor for normal function.

Assay and technical information

Invitae is a College of American Pathologists (CAP)-accredited and Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)-certified clinical diagnostic laboratory performing full-gene sequencing and deletion/duplication analysis using next-generation sequencing technology (NGS).

Our sequence analysis covers clinically important regions of each gene, including coding exons, +/- 10 base pairs of adjacent intronic sequence, and select noncoding variants. Our assay provides a Q30 quality-adjusted mean coverage depth of 350x (50x minimum, or supplemented with additional analysis). Variants classified as pathogenic or likely pathogenic are confirmed with orthogonal methods, except individual variants that have high quality scores and previously validated in at least ten unrelated samples.

Our analysis detects most intragenic deletions and duplications at single exon resolution. However, in rare situations, single-exon copy number events may not be analyzed due to inherent sequence properties or isolated reduction in data quality. If you are requesting the detection of a specific single-exon copy number variation, please contact Client Services before placing your order.

Gene Transcript reference Sequencing analysis Deletion/Duplication analysis
ATP7A NM_000052.6