Associated disorders

The PNKD gene is associated with autosomal dominant familial paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia (PNKD) (MedGen UID: 401504).

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Invitae tests that include this gene:

PNKD (MR1) is probably the only causative gene for paroxysmal nonkinesigenic dyskinesia (dystonia 8) when strict criteria for age at onset and ability to precipitate attacks with caffeine and alcohol are applied. However, test sensitivities in two cohorts were found to be 15% and 57%.

PNKD (also called MR1) encodes a protein with a putative role in maintaining cellular redox status.

Assay and technical information

Invitae is a College of American Pathologists (CAP)-accredited and Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)-certified clinical diagnostic laboratory performing full-gene sequencing and deletion/duplication analysis using next-generation sequencing technology (NGS).

Our sequence analysis covers clinically important regions of each gene, including coding exons, +/- 10 base pairs of adjacent intronic sequence, and select noncoding variants. Our assay provides a Q30 quality-adjusted mean coverage depth of 350x (50x minimum, or supplemented with additional analysis). Variants classified as pathogenic or likely pathogenic are confirmed with orthogonal methods, except individual variants that have high quality scores and previously validated in at least ten unrelated samples.

Our analysis detects most intragenic deletions and duplications at single exon resolution. However, in rare situations, single-exon copy number events may not be analyzed due to inherent sequence properties or isolated reduction in data quality. If you are requesting the detection of a specific single-exon copy number variation, please contact Client Services before placing your order.

Gene Transcript reference Sequencing analysis Deletion/Duplication analysis
PNKD NM_015488.4