The KCNQ1 gene is associated with autosomal dominant long QT syndrome (LQTS) type 1 (MedGen UID: 19831), atrial fibrillation (MedGen UID: 373232), short QT syndrome (SQTS) (MedGen UID: 355890), and autosomal recessive Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome (JLNS) (MedGen UID: 5929).
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Invitae tests that include this gene:
Pathogenic KCNQ1 variants are associated with 90% of clinical cases of Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome, a subtype of LQTS. Overall, KCNQ1 is associated with 40% of clinical cases of LQTS. Pathogenic KCNQ1 variants also are rare causes of atrial fibrillation and SQTS.
The KCNQ1 gene encodes the potassium voltage-gated channel subfamily KQT member 1. Potassium channels control the flow of potassium ions in cardiac muscle. The electrical activity of cardiac muscle is controlled by the movement of potassium, sodium, and calcium ions across cardiac muscle cell membranes. Pathogenic variants in genes that encode potassium channels are a common cause of inherited cardiac arrhythmias.
Invitae is a College of American Pathologists (CAP)-accredited and Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA)-certified clinical diagnostic laboratory performing full-gene sequencing and deletion/duplication analysis using next-generation sequencing technology (NGS).
Our sequence analysis covers clinically important regions of each gene, including coding exons, +/- 10 base pairs of adjacent intronic sequence, and select noncoding variants. Our assay provides a Q30 quality-adjusted mean coverage depth of 350x (50x minimum, or supplemented with additional analysis). Variants classified as pathogenic or likely pathogenic are confirmed with orthogonal methods, except individual variants that have high quality scores and previously validated in at least ten unrelated samples.
Our analysis detects most intragenic deletions and duplications at single exon resolution. However, in rare situations, single-exon copy number events may not be analyzed due to inherent sequence properties or isolated reduction in data quality. If you are requesting the detection of a specific single-exon copy number variation, please contact Client Services before placing your order.
|Gene||Transcript reference||Sequencing analysis||Deletion/Duplication analysis|